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## mechanics of a point mass

### (8 points)3. Series 33. Year - 4. ladybird on a rubber

Ladybird moves with velocity $4 \mathrm{cm\cdot s^{-1}}$. When we place the ladybird onto a rubber, she comes through it in $10 \mathrm{s}$. What happens when the ladybird starts moving and we start prolonging the rubber the way that its length will be increasing with velocity $5 \mathrm{cm\cdot s^{-1}}$? Is the ladybird able to come through the whole rubber to its end? If yes, how long will it take? Consider that the rubber prolongs uniformly and never breaks.

### (10 points)3. Series 33. Year - S.

* We are sorry. This type of task is not translated to English. *

### (10 points)2. Series 33. Year - S.

* We are sorry. This type of task is not translated to English. *

### (3 points)1. Series 33. Year - 1. D1

A truck driving on a highway has a $2 \mathrm{\%}$ higher speed than a bus in front of it. The driver of the truck decides to overtake the bus, but when the truck is exactly next to the bus, a right curve begins on the highway, making the path of the truck longer. As a consequence, the two vehicles drive next to each other all the way along the curve, whilst a notable traffic jam starts to build up behind them. Determine the radius of the curve (at the middle of the inner driving lane) if the separation between the centers of the lanes is $3{,}75 \mathrm{m}$.

Matej doesn't like trucks on highways.

### (10 points)1. Series 33. Year - S. slow start-up

Karel wants to have the longest problem assignment.

### (3 points)6. Series 32. Year - 2. bookworm

Vítek has been spending some time in the library. Because of his clumsiness, a book fell down from a shelf and he managed to press it with a swift move towards the wall. He pushes the book with a force $F$ applied at an angle $\alpha $ (see figure). The book's mass equals $M$ and the coefficient of friction between the wall and the book is $\mu $. Find the condition under which the force keeps the book from falling down (and at rest) and determine the critical value $\alpha _0$, below which there does not exist any force that will keep the book up.

Vítek was in a mobile library.

### (6 points)6. Series 32. Year - 3. range

A container is filled with sulfuric acid to the height $h$. We drill a very small hole perpendicularly to the side of the container. What is the maximal distance (from the container) that the acid can reach from all possible positions of the hole? Assume the container placed horizontally on the ground.

Do not leave drills where Jáchym may take them!

### (7 points)6. Series 32. Year - 4. rope

A rope is hanging over the football goal crossbar (a horizontal cylindrical pole). When one of the rope ends is at least three times longer than the other one (the rope is hanging freely, not touching the ground), the rope spontaneously starts to slip off the crossbar. Now, we wrap the rope once around the crossbar (i.e. the rope wraps an angle of $540\dg $). How many times can the one end of the rope be longer than the other one so that the rope does not slip?

Matej was pulling down a climbing rope.

### (9 points)6. Series 32. Year - 5. elastic cord swing

Matěj was bored by common swings, which are at playgrounds because you can swing on only forward and backwards. Therefore, he has invented his own amusement ride, which will move vertically. It will consist of an elastic cord of length $l$ attached to two points separated by distance $l$ in the same height. If he sits in the middle of the attached cord, it will stretch so that the middle will displace by a vertical distance $h$. Then, he pushes himself up and starts to swing. Find the frequency of small oscillations.

Matěj wonders how to hurt little children at playgrounds.

### (12 points)6. Series 32. Year - E. slippery

Find two plain surfaces made from the same material and measure the coefficient of friction between them. Then find out how this coefficient of friction changes when you put some free-flowing or liquid substance between them. You can use everything - water, oil, honey, melted chocolate, flour, sand, etc. Make measurements for at least 4 different substances. Discuss the results in detail and focus mainly on properties of the substances which had the greatest effect.

Mikulas wants to go sliding.