astrophysics (85)biophysics (18)chemistry (23)electric field (70)electric current (75)gravitational field (80)hydromechanics (146)nuclear physics (44)oscillations (56)quantum physics (31)magnetic field (43)mathematics (89)mechanics of a point mass (295)gas mechanics (87)mechanics of rigid bodies (220)molecular physics (71)geometrical optics (77)wave optics (65)other (165)relativistic physics (37)statistical physics (21)thermodynamics (153)wave mechanics (51)


2. Series 24. Year - 1. Warm-Up


  • Jakub's breakfast

Every morning Jakub enjoys his favourite cereals which he pours into a bowl of milk. Assume the bowl is of circulur frustum shape with upper and lower radius $R$ and $r$ respectively ($R$ \geq r$)$, that the cereals are little solid spheres and that before he puts the cereals into the bowl there is milk of height $h$. What is the maximum amount of cereals he can fit into the bowl? You also know that the fraction of volume the cereals occupy inside a fully filled box is $\kappa$.

  • Magnetic monopole

Let's have a metal plate magnetized in such a way that the upper and lower sides are the north and south poles respectively. We use these plates to create two semispheres with the outer side being the north pole. Now, if we glue these two semispheres together, we effectively get a magnetic monopole, which, as we know, can not exist in our world. Where did we go wrong?


6. Series 23. Year - 2. John the voyeur

John is standing on the top of the Žižkov Tower and looks into the windows of neighbouring houses. All the windows face the tower, are of same size and are at the same height. Calculate the radius of the lowest privacy in the houses with such windows. John does not have any binoculars.

2. Series 23. Year - 1. calamity

One of organizers of Fykos was travelling by train back home. The train was locked in by a snow storm. He was bravely counting snow flakes behind the window and was thinking: „How many snow flakes are in 1kg of snow?“ Are you able to make qualified guess to this question?

vzpomínáme na neznámého padlého

2. Series 23. Year - E. metronome

If you play any musical instrument, then sometimes you experience problems with rhythm. Define an experiment and measure which frequency (knocking onto a table, pushing piano keys etc.) is easiest to keep. Is there any correlation between other natural effects?

Parkinsonem onemocněl Honza Hermann

1. Series 23. Year - 1. text scrolling in underground

Information system in Prague underground has following feature: during scrolling text on the display to the left, the letters are tilted. Is there a simple way how to do this function on „hardware“ level? What effect will have this at text scrolling in vertical direction? Assume, that information display consists from LEDs spaced in orthogonal grid.

Ze tmy tunelu přitáhl Byrot.

5. Series 22. Year - 4. internet

Assume a straight optical fibre. The incoming light enters fibre at maximum angle $α$ from the axis of fibre (higher angles will not be guided by fibre). What is the minimum length of the light pulse to guarantee no overlap between 0 and 1 bit (e.g. at least for short interval the intensity of signal must be minimal or maximal). The length of fibre is $d$.

na schůzku donesl Honza Jelínek

4. Series 22. Year - 2. on a thin ice

It is known, that the ice subjected to higher pressure has lower melting temperature. This effect is used also during ice skating. Is this effect strong enough at extremely low temperatures (e.g. is pressure from skate big enough to melt the ice)? If not, what is causing sliding?

Při návštěvě kluziště si počítal Dan.

3. Series 22. Year - P. life at Titan

Titan (a satellite of Saturn) is very cold (surface temperature is approximately 94 K) and has bulky nitrogen atmosphere, icy surface with lakes made from hydrocarbons. Radar on Cassini probe orbiting Titan found, that objects on the surface rotate faster then the moon itself (approximately by 0$,36°\;\mathrm{year}^{-1})$. Scientific explanation is, that the icy layer on the surface of oceans is affected by a wind. The assumption about moon rotation is, that it is synchronised with orbiting around Saturn

Another hint for existence of under-surface ocean was given by Huygens probe, which landed on the moon surface. During the descent it measured strong electromagnetic waves at frequency approximately 36 Hz. Such waves are amplified at the interface between e.g. water and ice under the surface.

Suggest some methods, to confirm or disprove the existence of hidden ocean on Titan.

V aktuálním dění zaujalo Honzu P.

2. Series 22. Year - 2. find the secret of calliper

Explain, how calliper (vernier caliper) works and how it is possible to measure up to 1/10th mm if the main scale is only 1mm!

nad tajemstvími života se zamyslel Marek Scholz

1. Series 22. Year - 2. pirate and golden reward

One pirate should get 10 golden coins. However the captain does not want to give money so easily and melts the gold to a cylinder shape. And together prepares similar cylinder, made from brass with identical dimensions. Because the golden cylinder has inside some air, both weight the same. What is the best way to select the golden cylinder?

Úlohu vymyslel kolega Mirka Beláňe.

This website uses cookies for visitor traffic analysis. By using the website, you agree with storing the cookies on your computer.More information

Organizers and partners


Organizer MSMT_logotyp_text_cz

General Partner

Main Partner


Media Partner

Created with <love/> by ©FYKOS –