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1. Series 23. Year - 1. text scrolling in underground

Information system in Prague underground has following feature: during scrolling text on the display to the left, the letters are tilted. Is there a simple way how to do this function on „hardware“ level? What effect will have this at text scrolling in vertical direction? Assume, that information display consists from LEDs spaced in orthogonal grid.

Ze tmy tunelu přitáhl Byrot.

5. Series 22. Year - 4. internet

Assume a straight optical fibre. The incoming light enters fibre at maximum angle $α$ from the axis of fibre (higher angles will not be guided by fibre). What is the minimum length of the light pulse to guarantee no overlap between 0 and 1 bit (e.g. at least for short interval the intensity of signal must be minimal or maximal). The length of fibre is $d$.

na schůzku donesl Honza Jelínek

4. Series 22. Year - 2. on a thin ice

It is known, that the ice subjected to higher pressure has lower melting temperature. This effect is used also during ice skating. Is this effect strong enough at extremely low temperatures (e.g. is pressure from skate big enough to melt the ice)? If not, what is causing sliding?

Při návštěvě kluziště si počítal Dan.

3. Series 22. Year - P. life at Titan

Titan (a satellite of Saturn) is very cold (surface temperature is approximately 94 K) and has bulky nitrogen atmosphere, icy surface with lakes made from hydrocarbons. Radar on Cassini probe orbiting Titan found, that objects on the surface rotate faster then the moon itself (approximately by 0$,36°\;\mathrm{year}^{-1})$. Scientific explanation is, that the icy layer on the surface of oceans is affected by a wind. The assumption about moon rotation is, that it is synchronised with orbiting around Saturn

Another hint for existence of under-surface ocean was given by Huygens probe, which landed on the moon surface. During the descent it measured strong electromagnetic waves at frequency approximately 36 Hz. Such waves are amplified at the interface between e.g. water and ice under the surface.

Suggest some methods, to confirm or disprove the existence of hidden ocean on Titan.

V aktuálním dění zaujalo Honzu P.

2. Series 22. Year - 2. find the secret of calliper

Explain, how calliper (vernier caliper) works and how it is possible to measure up to 1/10th mm if the main scale is only 1mm!

nad tajemstvími života se zamyslel Marek Scholz

1. Series 22. Year - 2. pirate and golden reward

One pirate should get 10 golden coins. However the captain does not want to give money so easily and melts the gold to a cylinder shape. And together prepares similar cylinder, made from brass with identical dimensions. Because the golden cylinder has inside some air, both weight the same. What is the best way to select the golden cylinder?

Úlohu vymyslel kolega Mirka Beláňe.

6. Series 21. Year - P. mission impossible

Make a plan how to liberate a Fykos-bid from custody. Do not forget to make plan B and C.

Vyplodil Honza Prachař.

5. Series 21. Year - E. milestones of life in Rama

Will have the Rama (brand name for margarine) another physical properties after you will melt it and let it solidify back? We suggest to measure density, viscosity and colour.

Vytlačil Marek Pechal.

2. Series 21. Year - E. bubo bubo

Verify experimentally following hypothesis: the rotation of Earth causes water on north hemisphere to swirl to right, on south hemisphere to left. For your conclusion to have relevance, enough number of measurements must be done at different conditions.

Napadlo zadat Honzu Prachaře.

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